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Journal of Clinical and Applied Neurosciences                            Volume 2; Issue 1                                   Jan-Jun 2017
REVIEW ARTICLE
Contributing to a Better Understanding and Management of Stroke in Nigeria: the Burden, the Challenges, Resources and Opportunities
Adekunle Fatai MUSTAPHA1, Michael Bimbo FAWALE2,
Oluyemi Mary ADEBANJO3


AFFILIATIONS
1Department of Medicine
Faculty of Clinical Sciences
College of Health Sciences
Ladoke Akintola University of
Technology Osogbo, NIGERIA
2Department of Medicine
College of Health Sciences
Obafemi Awolowo University
Ile-Ife Osun State, NIGERIA
3Department of Medicine
Ladoke Akintola University of
Technology Teaching Hospital
Osogbo, NIGERIA

CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Adekunle F MUSTAPHA
1Department of Medicine
Faculty of Clinical Sciences
College of Health Sciences
Ladoke Akintola University of
Technology Osogbo, NIGERIA

Email: mustakunle@yahoo.com
Phone: +234 803 718 8224

DISCLOSURES
The authors have no form of
disclosures to make.

Received: 16th June, 2017
Accepted: 26th June, 2017
ABSTRACT

Background
: Stroke is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in Nigeria and remains a leading cause of hospitalization in neurological services in the country. The economic burden of stroke, its associated disability and the challenges in its management are major sources of concern for a country beleaguered by socio-economic difficulties.
Methodology: We searched the PUBMED database with emphasis on studies on stroke conducted in Nigeria using a combination of the following words; stroke, prevalence, epidemiology, social issues, knowledge treatment and prevention issues in Nigeria. Articles in our personal files were also included.
Results:  Fifty (50) relevant studies that met the criteria were reviewed and recent studies showed a rising prevalence of stroke in Nigeria. The disease is still enrobed in superstition and myths in Nigeria as a result of the influence of cultural beliefs, tradition and religion. The mortality rate still remains high due to challenges in its management in the country.
Conclusion: The prevalence of stroke has been observed to be rising in Nigeria. The enormous resources needed in the management of stroke in the face of the present economic realities in Nigeria are quite daunting. Therefore prevention through public campaigns, optimal care of stroke risk factors and adoption of healthy life style remains the only viable option at present.



Keywords: Epidemiology, knowledge, prevention, risk factors, social issues, treatment